Hanns and Otto GROSS

Here ancestrors were french ....

The 1 december, Hanns Gross wrote to the Emperor Franz Joseph I : I like to utilise the old name of the family Gross-Ranspach with the family coat of arms.

Hanns Gross 1847-1915

Hanns Gross (1847-1915) :the famous Austrian criminologist at Graz. He was also the Professor of Kafka in Prague. Father and son were profoundly hostile to one nother. Hanns was an innovator and it is known as the father of the modern criminology. His Handbook for Examining Magistrates was translated into very languages and is still in use as a standard textbook today. He represent the patriarchalism at an extreme. His son Otto was a kind of a genius.

Otto Gross 1877-1920

Otto Gross (1877-1920) :is a living antithesis to his father. He wa trained as a doctor and specialized in neurology and psychiatry. At early age he was appointed Docent in neurology at the University of Graz. His first book was The secondary Function of the Brain in 1902. He was a well known figure in bohemian circles of the Munich-Schwabing, in Berlin, in Vienna and in Ascona (The Mountain of the Trust) : Between 1870 and 1920 anarchy, theosophy, vegetarianism, nudism, dance, art, literature, psychology and mythology are all part of ASCONA and MONTE VERITA. Bakunin, R.Steiner, Graser, H.Oedenkoven, I.Duncan, H.Hesse, R.Laban and Otto Gross are part of this story. The region around Ascona is famous for its natural beauty, the superb view on Lake Maggiore and the surrounding mountains, its flora, its earth magnetism, its mild microclimate ans its ties with italian language and culture.

Leonhard Frank, Johannes Becher, Franz Jung, Karl Otten and Franz Werfel described him in fiction. His relations with S.Freud and CG.Jung were in fact tragic. Freud admired Gross's work enough to be jealous of it. By 1909, Freud had decided that these ideas were dangerous to psychoanalysis. The arrest of Otto Gross caused a considerable uproar-partly because he was seized in Berlin on Austrian orders (in reality his father). Otto was confined to a sanatorium as a sufferer from what was regarded as "dementia pecox".

He died in february 1920 in Berlin, with him died a rich promise for psychoanalysis. Thus Surrealism as well as Expressionism can be tought of as artistic expressions of Gross's ideas.

His was the tragedy of all neurotics who would analysis themself , they arrive at an impasse and no amount of learning takes them beyond .... Wilhelm Stekel